What is this place ?

Small Batch Assembly is a low-volume, no-frills, electronics assembly service. We focus on the needs of Makers, Educators, DIY, Researchers, and EE professionals; Anyone needing a low-volume of surface-mount technology circuit boards assembled.

Video Introduction

What do you mean by “no-frills” ?

No-frills means customer jobs must meet the following constraints:

Maximum Board / Panel size:

330 x 225mm (13 x 9 in)

Surface-Mount Assembly Only

For through-hole, we can refer you to a number of freelance IPC-certified assembly technicians.

Surface Mount Minimum Sizes

0201, 0402, 0603,  WLCSP, QFNs, BGAs  are OK w/minimum .4mm pitch

Can You Do Double-Sided ?

Usually. Both sides cannot contain large or heavy parts; The surface tension of the solder must be enough to hold the part when they go through the reflow oven up-side down as the 2nd side is being reflowed. Most SMT parts < ~4mm (~.15inch) are usually OK. Contact us on email on how to submit double-sided jobs or if you are uncertain.

How to Submit a Job

TL;DR Submit your job info. If you get stuck, email us.

You should first use our on-line price quotation tool   by clicking on Get Instant Quote on the home page. The next step is to register or log in as a guest on our site. You can start by uploading your CAD files. We need a two things:

Placement Bill of Materials File (Placement BOM)

The Placement BOM is a file which specifies what parts are needed and where they go on the board.  If you use the CADSoft Eagle PCB CAD package, we have a .ulp script in which you can download here which will automatically generate this file for you. If you use KiCAD, check out this Guide. In other EDA tools it is  sometimes called a Centroid or XYRS file. Read further in the FAQ for more info on the Placement BOM file. As always you can email us if you get stuck.

Paste Mask Gerber

We also need your Paste Mask Gerber file which we use to laser cut a stencil used to apply the solder paste to your boards. We also have a  CADSoft Eagle  .cam file in the same download as the ulp script  file mentioned above to generate exactly what we need.

You submit your job for review. We will respond to you with a quote. A real human looks at your job and verifies that we can do it for you. We then  send you a quote along with a payment link.

If you’d like to go ahead, just make the payment. It reserves your spot in the production schedule and is fully refundable until we begin production. We will then email instructions on how to prepare your production kit.

What Materials Do I Supply ?

You supply your printed circuit boards

You supply us with your un-populated printed circuit boards and components.  We do not manufacture boards. We highly recommend Oshpark for low/medium volume boards in the USA. If you have a stencil, let us know. Otherwise we will order a stencil from Oshstencils which will be returned to you for re-use after production.

You supply some or all of your parts

You send us the parts you want assembled on the board. We can supply some generic parts from our Parts Catalog . Generally, our parts pricing is equivalent to the quantity 1k to 5k price from USA domestic distributors. We do not mark up our parts prices above our direct costs for stocking and handling them. We check octopart and will charge you market rate for the specific components when you submit your job for quotation.

Steel Stencils

For many jobs we fabricate the stencils from laser-cut Kapton plastic in-house, and this is included in the price. For higher volume orders or ones with fine-pitch parts (< 1mm pitch), we may need to order a frameless steel stencil. We will let you know if this is necessary when you submit your job. The steel stencil will be returned to you and can be re-used for future runs.

How To Supply Parts


Small Parts on Tape ~16mm (~.5inch) or less Leader required
Large Parts on Tape wider than ~16mm (~.5inch)
No leader required
Parts in Tubes OK
Parts in Trays OK
Loose Parts Must be > ~16mm (~.5inch)

Parts on tape can come with or without leader. We charge less for tape with leader because we do not have to attach the leader ourselves, so we encourage customers to do so. If you are ordering less than full reels of parts and you order from Digi-Key, all you need to do is to specify ‘Digi-reel’, and they will add the necessary leader for a nominal charge (~$7). Mouser calls the service ‘Mouse Reel’. Other distributors offer this service as well.

What about Parts in Tubes ?


Supply Extra Boards and Parts

We need you to supply some extra parts since misfeeds sometimes occur or parts are lost during mount/dismount from the feeder. We always try to return all unused parts, but in the case of smaller parts supplied on tape, we cannot guarantee it.

  • PC BOARDS/PANELS – Send at least 1 extra.
  • LARGE COMPONENTS – Greater than ~16mm (~.5inch) : Send at least 5% extra or a minimum of 5
  • SMALL COMPONENTS  – Less than ~16mm (~.5inch) : Send at least 20% extra or a minimum of 20


Over-production Policy

Note that we will assemble up to 20% extra boards if we have parts. Put another way, if you send us 20% extra of everything you will end up with 20% extra boards.

What about PC Board Panelization ?

PC Boards are typically fabricated in arrays called Panels. The process of creating an array of boards is called panelization. Assembling components onto panelized arrays of boards significantly reduces the amount of labor and therefore the cost. Let’s say for example, you have need 100 boards each with 10 placements and 5 BOM Line items. If you enter that into the price quoter you would get $8.30 per board. Now let’s say you supply these as 10 panels each with 10 boards (the total board quantity is still 100). The price would drop to $3.80 board

Should I Panelize or should my PC Fabricator ?

Some designers prefer to panelize themselves, however, PC Board fabricators do this all the time for their customers. In any case, you must adhere to our max size of 330 x 225mm (13 x 9 in). You should also ask them to send you the the panelized paste mask layer which will be used to fabricate the stencil which you can just email to us.

How do I submit a panelized job ?

Exactly the same as you would a non-panelized job. Just submit 1-up (single article) copies of your BOM and gerber.

Can I mix jobs on a panel ?

Sorry, no. the boards on the panel must all be identical.

Can some boards on the panel have different orientations ?

Yes. For instance, a row or column along the edge can be rotated 90 degrees to maximize boards-per-panel.


Fiducials are used by the pick and place machine’s vision system to align the board. Here are ‘must-have’ requirements for fiducials. Fidicuals may be positioned underneath parts.

  • There should be 2 at opposing corners of the board
  • They should be metal pads, unmasked, at least .5 mm in dia with a 2x unmasked guard area surrounding them
  • They should be named FID1, FID2, .. FIDn in your BOM

Here are some ‘desirable’ characteristics of fiducials

  • Ideally, there should be 3, one in each corner, Two should share common Y values and Two should share common X values.
  • They need to be at least 10mm apart
  • If your boards are panelized, the fidicuals can be on the panel frame (but it is safer to put them on both so we can assemble your boards depanelized)

For more information on fiducials see http://www.ladyada.net/library/pcb/fiducials.html


Example of a good fiducial (from http://www.ladyada.net/wiki/mdcpickandplace/fiducials)

Paste Mask File Format

The paste mask file is a standard paste layer in GERBER RS274X format. It will show all SMT pads that will need paste, plus the board outline. If you use Eagle, we have a .cam file for that. If you are submitting panelized boards, just submit the Placement BOM and Paste Gerber for one board.

Common Paste Mask Errors

The XY coordinates in the BOM and the paste mask gerbers must have the same origin, and they must be positive. An incorrect match may cause your upload to look like this:







If you are using Eagle, this can be corrected by un-checking the Pos. Coord checkbox in the CAM Processor dialog.

Placement BOM Format

The placement BOM is a standard plain-ascii, comma-separated file. Quotations can be present, but are not required. It consists of:

  • Zero or more free text lines, followed by
  • Exactly one header line consisting of comma-separated column names
  • One or more Data lines, each of which consist of comma-separated values

If you are using CADsoft Eagle, you can use our .ulp script to generate this file. The header line must include these column names: REF    VALUE    PACKAGE    X    Y    ROTATION  Other column names may be present, and will be preserved. Columns may be in any order. The column header line should then be followed by data lines. The columns in the data lines must match up with the column header. Here is an example of an acceptably-formatted file:

       Name: Placement Bill of Materials Generator

    Version: 1
         By: Small Batch Assembly
        URL: www.smallbatchassembly.com
 SourceFile: rotation_test.brd
   DateTime: 6/6/2013 9:49:29 PM
      Units: inches
REF , PACKAGE     , VALUE             , X     , Y     , ROTATION,
FID1, FIDUCIAL_G15,                   , 0.0750, 0.0750, 0.0
FID2, FIDUCIAL_G15,                   , 0.0750, 0.7500, 0.0
FID3, FIDUCIAL_G15,                   , 1.6500, 0.7500, 0.0
Q1  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 0.1580, 0.4670, 0.0
Q2  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 0.3580, 0.4670, 45.0
Q3  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 0.5580, 0.4670, 90.0
Q4  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 0.7580, 0.4670, 135.0
Q5  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 0.9580, 0.4670, 180.0
Q6  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 1.1580, 0.4670, 225.0
Q7  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 1.3580, 0.4670, 270.0
Q8  , SOT23-3     , MOSFET-NCHANNELSMD, 1.5580, 0.4670, 315.0


KiCAD Footprint Position File Export

If you are using KiCAD, here is the procedure: KiCAD refers to the placement BOM as a .pos file. In the KiCAD Pcbnew tool, before generating this file, you need to make sure all coordinates are positive by using the Place -> Drill and Place Offset at the bottom left corner of the board area. Place it just below and to the left of the bottom left corner of your board.

To generate the .pos file, use  File -> Fabrication Outputs -> Footprint Position (.pos) File. Check [x] Inches,  Filter [x] All. The .pos file will still need some massaging. Import it into a spreadsheet editor like Excel or the free Libre Office Calc tool, and mark off the column locations as you open the file as follows:

Identifying columns in .pos file with a spreadsheet editor


Next, you will need to do a little editing.

.POS file Loaded in Libre Office Calc. Ready for Editing


  • Delete The first 4 lines.
  • Delete the ‘Side’ Column
  • Edit the Column Names line per below:


.POS file After Editing, Ready for Upload

You can  do a Save->As , select .csv and select [x] edit filter settings[x] Quote all text cells

The resulting file should now be importable on the Placement BOM page

KiCAD Gerber File Export

To upload the Paste Mask Layer from KiCAD, use the File -> Plot command. Be sure to check the [x] F.Paste and  [x] Use auxiliary axis boxes. The top paste layer will be the file ending in .gtp 

Tips for editing CSV Files

At some point you may need to edit your BOM file csv file directly. If you can’t use Microsoft Excel, a free option is Libre Office Calc. An on-line option is Google Sheets.

Offline editing of your BOM file

If you prefer to edit your BOM offline, you may do so; On the Job Info page, under Tools, use Download ZIP, to get a copy of your BOM. Edit it, and upload it again using the BOM Upload button. You will need to adhere to our column names and format conventions for extended column names:

Required Columns

  • The header line must include these column names: REF     PACKAGE VALUE     X    Y    ROTATION 
  • Columns may be in any order



REFS These are the Reference Designator from your Schematic. (Q1, Q2, R1, C1, etc) They can be any alphanumeric value and must be unique. Note: Reference Designators beginning with FID are treated as fiducials
PACKAGE This is the Package field from your Schematic. Typically this will be the SMT size (0603, 0805, etc.), however any alpha-numeric pattern which connotes the package type is acceptable. NOTE: that any Placement BOM line items which have identical Package and Value fields will be considered a single BOM line item type (ie if R1 and R2 are both have a Package of 0603 and a  value of 1k, then they will be considered one BOM line item)
VALUE This is the Value field from your Schematic. Examples: ’1k’, ‘.1uf’, etc. Any alpha-numeric pattern which connotes the package value is acceptable. NOTE: Any BOM line items which have identical Package and Value fields will be considered a single BOM line item type (ie if R1 and R2 are both have a Package of 0603 and a  value of 1k, then they will be considered one BOM line item)
DESCRIPTION Description of part. Free format alphanumeric. Recommend adhering to format which includes at minimum, component type, value, and package such as ‘RES 1k 0603′ or ‘CAP .1UF 0805’
X This is the X coordinate of the center of the part in inches. Values must be positive.
Y This is the Y coordinate of the center of the part in inches. Values must be positive.
ROTATION This is the rotation of the part in degrees counter-clockwise in the range 0 to 359


Additional Columns

If you upload a BOM with just the Required Columns above, our system will ask you to fill in additional information before you can submit the job.

While these columns are not required at upload time, supplying them eliminates the need to edit the BOM and enter the information after it is in our system.

When you download a zip of your job, your BOM will have this information filled in.

SUPPLIER Who supplies the part:
a: small batch supplies part,
c: customer supplies part
SBAPN Small Batch Part Number. This is the number from our
Parts List Leave blank if customer is supplying the part
MFRPN Manufacturers part number; Free text. This should be NOT be a distributor part number. It should be searchable on octopart
KITTING  Must be one of: tape-with-leader, tape-no-leader, other
KITTING_D Kitting Description – Free text which describes kitting.
Only required if KITTING == other

Optional Columns

These columns may be included but are not required.

MFR no Name of the manufacturer. Free format alphanumeric
REMARKS no Reserved
LINK yes
(if customer supplies part)
URL to Datasheet containing package info
(if customer supplies part)
URL to page on datasheet containing package info




We’ve found that specifying rotation in the placement BOM file is too hard to get right. Instead, we go strictly by your silkscreen markings for polarized parts. If there is a question, we contact you before production.

I have an entry in the BOM I don’t want populated

Edit that part entry under BOM Edit, and assign it the Small Batch NoPart identity (0.0). Or you can simply not include it in the BOM upload

Submitting a Job For a Quote

Once you have uploaded your BOM and Gerber, and categorized all the parts as to who will supply them, the system will allow you to submit the job for quote. We will normally get back to you within one business day with a price.

Quote Received. Now What ?

You may now pay for the job through Paypal. Follow the instructions in the email you received with the quote.

OK, I paid. Now What ?

Give us one busniess day to produce kit info for you. You will receive an email that looks like this:

What’s the next step ?

Attached you will find a ZIP containing files related to your job.
The file report.pdf is a printable version of your Job Detail, also available online at XXX Check the placements image and double-check that polarized parts aligned correctly.

The file labels.pdf contains a printable labels. Separate the labels and attach them to their respective parts.

  • Double-check that your component type and counts are correct.
  • Double-check that you are sending sufficient quantities. While some sanity checking is done when we check-in your kit, you are ultimately responsible for the accuracy of this step.

While our goal is to keep the defect rate as close to zero as possible, scrap happens, so you will need to send us extra parts;

  • PC BOARDS/PANELS – Send at least 1 extra.
  • LARGE COMPONENTS – Greater than ~16mm (~.5inch) : Send at least 5% extra or a minimum of 5
  • SMALL COMPONENTS  – Less than ~16mm (~.5inch) : Send at least 20% extra or a minimum of 20

Keep in mind we return all unused items which you can use for future production.

Send your well-packed, insured kit to this address.

Small Batch Assembly
1916 Isaac Newton Square West
Reston, VA 20190

Please send us tracking info when you have it. We will contact you as soon as we receive it.
Questions ?

Don’t hesitate to email us

Yours Truly,


How do I make a change to a submitted job ?

Email support@smallbatchassembly.com letting us know you the jobid, and we will change its status so you can edit it.

Yield, Rework, and Refunds

TLDR; While we do everything to ensure we assemble boards correctly. If you find errors. Contact us immediately. If you have to rework or scrap a board due to assembly error, we will credit or refund you the assembly charge for that board. Period.

Manufacturing is a Team Effort. Ideally, yield is 100%. For simple boards that have been designed for manufacturability, this is often the case. But more often than not, yield is not 100%. The cause may our bad – Assembly errors; polarity (we always check w/you if we are uncertain), too much solder paste, not enough solder paste, bridging, tombstoning..   The cause may be bad components or PCBs. The cause may be  your bad: Incorrect CAD info, mislabeled parts, malfunctions which only exhibit themselves in larger volumes. Etc, etc, etc.   Our philosophy is simple; It doesn’t matter whose fault it is. If you have to rework or scrap a board and you think it was our fault, just tell us, and we will refund you the assembly fee for that board. For  sanity’s sake, however, we do ask that you contact us within 30 days of delivery of your boards.

Our Official Terms and Conditions

CANCELLATION: If you cancel your order before we purchase materials for your job, we will refund you fully. If you cancel after we have purchased materials uniquely for your job we cannot return, we will refund you the the full amount of our fees minus our costs for those materials. If you cancel after production starts we will refund you the only our production fees for the articles not produced.

REWORK/DEFECTS: If you have to rework or scrap a board for any reason you believe due to fabrication errors, we will credit or refund you our fee for the fabrication of that board.

LIMITATIONS: All claims must be made within 30 days of delivery of goods. Claims shall be limited to our total fee for the job, less materials and shipping costs.

Privacy Policies

The short form: We only record your email and password which is encrypted using best practices. Your email will only be used to communicate with you about your business with us. We collect payment via PayPal and Stripe and your financial information is never stored on our server. We will never sell share your email address or other information with a third party.

Where did the name “Small Batch Assembly” Come From ?

About mid-way along into developing the idea for the business, I started looking for domain names. I found some awful ones that can go without mentioning. I had read Chris Anderson’s Makers: The New Industrial Revolution. A lot of ideas from that book were cycling through my subconscious. Somewhere along the line, probably in the shower, I came upon “Small Batch” as a good prefix. It was only much later when I was re-reading sections of the book that I found this passage in Chris’s book which refrenced a blog by Jason Kottke. So at the end of the day, Chris should be credited for articulating a good deal of the ideas, and Jason for coming up with the popular use of the term.

Our Facilities

2013-09-19 15.49.08

Our Location:

Small Batch Assembly
1916 Issac Newton Square West
Reston, VA 20190

(We are co-located with the Nova Labs Maker Space)


About the Web Site

The web site was written by Bob Coggeshall and consists of approximately 18 thousand lines of php. It is implemented as a series of wordpress plugins. There was also an obligatory amount of Javascript and jQuery. The css framework used is bootstrap. Certain functionality including the price quotation, pdf generation, and back-end barcode scanning tools are written in python.